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Workplace Violence Research



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The health care industry leads all other sectors in the incidence of nonfatal workplace assaults, and the emergency department is a particularly vulnerable setting. Workplace violence is a significant occupational hazard facing emergency nurses. This page highlights ENA’s research on workplace violence.

Research Initiatives

Workplace Violence Education
Interactive, online course designed to mitigate violence in the emergency department. Nurses, managers, and staff who work in emergency care settings will learn to recognize risk factors, apply prompt and appropriate responses, implement organizational prevention strategies, and report and analyze patterns of violence. 

​Nothing Changes, Nobody Cares: Understanding the Experience of Emergency Nurses Physically or Verbally Assaulted While Providing Care
Completed in 2013, the purpose of this qualitative study was to better understand the experience of emergency nurses who have been physically or verbally assaulted while providing patient care in US emergency departments. The findings are consistent with the extant literature but with an added contribution of clearly identifying an underlying cultural acceptance of violence in the emergency department, as well as a distinct lack of cue recognition, in this sample of emergency nurses.


Emergency Department Violence Surveillance (EDVS)Study

ENA initiated a workplace violence surveillance study in 2009 to collect data on a quarterly basis via an online survey from emergency nurses on the occurrence of violence toward nurses and the processes used to respond to workplace violence. The study was completed in December 2012.

Study on Violence Against Nurses in U.S. Emergency Departments
(Published 2009)
A total of 3,465 emergency nurses who were ENA members participated in a cross-sectional study aimed at investigating emergency nurses' experiences and perceptions of workplace violence, the types of and frequencies of assaults, and the contributing factors to workplace violence.

Additional ENA Resources on Workplace Violence

ENA Workplace Violence Toolkit

This web-based toolkit takes a practical, step-by-step approach to tackling the issue of workplace violence. The toolkit houses a library of resources, sample forms, policies, checklists and staff education materials to help emergency department leaders or designated staff easily initiate and conduct an ongoing quality improvement project aimed at violence prevention.


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External Resources on Workplace Violence

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    Managers; Nurse Leaders



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    Approval Status Approved
    Content Type: ENA Content Pages
    Version: 72.0
    Created at 9/15/2010 11:37 AM by Thomas Barbee
    Last modified at 6/9/2015 8:28 AM by i:0#.f|enamembershipprovider|