Zika Virus Resources

 

Zika was first discovered in the Zika forest in Uganda in 1947. It is common in both Africa and Asia. The virus was first detected in the Western Hemisphere in May 2015 when an outbreak occurred in Brazil. Zika virus is a mosquito-borne flavivirus transmitted to people primarily through the bite of an infected mosquito of the Aedes genus. These mosquitoes are also responsible for spreading dengue and chikungunya viruses. Some evidence does suggest that Zika virus can be transmitted through blood transfusion, sexual transmission, and perinatal transmission.

The incubation period for Zika virus is typically between 2 and 12 days, and the disease itself is usually mild, with symptoms lasting only a few days. Signs and symptoms include low grade fever frequently accompanied by a maculopapular rash. Other common symptoms include muscle pain, joint pain with possible swelling, headache, pain behind the eyes, and conjunctivitis. Because symptoms are often mild, the infection may go unrecognized or be misdiagnosed. Prevention and control of this disease rely heavily on reducing the breeding of Aedes mosquitos and minimizing contact as well as using barriers such as insect repellents. There is currently no vaccine against the Zika virus, and treatment focuses on symptom management.

Zika virus disease may not become a huge epidemic in the U.S., but as emergency nurses, it is imperative to understand the current infectious disease landscape, participate in timely information-sharing, and become familiar with the tools to contain and combat EIDs.



General Information and Disease Transmission

General Information and Disease Transmission


 
 
 
Preparedness

Preparedness

 
 
 
Risk of Exposure

Risk of Exposure

  
 
 
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

 
 
 
 

Triage/Patient Evaluation

Triage/Patient Evaluation

  
 
 
Treatment

Treatment

 
 

EMS

EMS

  • No additional information at this time. Keep checking back with us!
 
 
ethical

Ethical, Legal and Regulatory

 
  
Conference Calls/Webinars

Conference Calls/Podcasts/Webinars


 

Other Useful Resources


 
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​​​​​​Page last reviewed: March 3, 2017​​