The World Health Organization defines wellness as “the optimal state of health of individuals and groups. There are two focal concerns: the realization of the fullest potential of an individual physically, psychologically, socially, spiritually and economically, and the fulfilment of one’s role expectations in the family, community, place of worship, workplace and other settings.”1 ENA supports this definition of wellness and acknowledges wellness as having the following eight components:
The key to achieving and sustaining a state of wellness is balance. This involves balancing time and energy spent on the components. An example would be implementing initiatives to create a healthy work environment at your workplace while also striving to achieve work-life balance.
Wellness can be achieved by all of us, through ways big and small. Take a deep breath, step away when you can, and strive for balance at all times. As nurses, we can provide wellness education through our discussions with patients and by being role models of wellness.
Wellness should be central to our culture, not just our vocabulary.
For more information, please contact IQSIP@ena.org.
CDC healthier workplace toolkits
Keeping Patients Safe: Transforming the Work Environment of Nurses (IOM)
1. Smith, B.J., Cho Tang, K., Nutbeam, D. (2006). WHO health promotion glossary: new terms. Health Promotion International, 21(4); 340-5